5 Kurakurai na ɗigon ruwa don gujewa

Tsarin ban ruwa mai ɗigo yana da sauƙin amfani, amma yuwuwar yin kurakurai masu tsada koyaushe abu ne ga mai sakawa yi-da-kanka.Ga kura-kurai guda biyar da aka saba da su da kuma wasu shawarwari kan yadda za a guje su.

 

Kuskure #1-Yawan Shayar da Shukanku.Wataƙila mafi wahalar daidaitawa yayin jujjuya ruwa zuwa ban ruwa shine wucewar tsammanin ganin wani babban jika a ƙasa ko ma tudun ruwa a gindin shukar, kamar yadda kuke gani lokacin shayarwa da hannu.Ban ruwa mai ɗigon ruwa hanya ce mai inganci don isar da ruwa zuwa tushen tushen shuka, don haka ba kwa buƙatar ruwa mai yawa kamar sauran hanyoyin shayarwa.A zahiri, yakamata ku ga ƙaramin tabo na ruwa a saman ƙasa (kimanin diamita 3 inci) a ɗigon ruwa.Ruwa yana zuwa yankin tushen shuka ta hanyar tafiya a tsaye ta cikin ƙasa saboda nauyi da kuma a kwance ta cikin ƙasa saboda aikin capillary a cikin ƙasa.Don ganin daidai yadda ruwa ke ratsa cikin ƙasa, fara gudanar da tsarin na tsawon mintuna 30, sannan a kashe shi.Jira wasu mintuna 30, sannan a haƙa ƙasa ƙasa mai dripper da kewayen shukar don ganin wurin da ake jika da kuma idan akwai busassun tabo.Idan ya cancanta, zaku iya daidaita wurin zama na dripper ko ƙara wani dripper.Wani lokaci yana da kyau a fara da ƙaramin ƙarar ruwa, kula da lafiyar shukar ku akai-akai don ganin ko tana buƙatar ƙarin ruwa ko ƙasa da ƙasa, kuma daidaita ƙarar ruwa da/ko lokacin shayarwa daidai.

 

Kuskure #2-Rashin Daidaita Drippers ɗinku da Bukatun Ruwan Tsirranku.Daban-daban na tsire-tsire suna da buƙatun shayarwa daban-daban.Idan kuna shayar da tsire-tsire iri-iri a yanki ɗaya, kuna buƙatar tabbatar da cewa ba ku ba da ruwa mai yawa ga wasu tsire-tsire ba kuma ba isasshen ruwa ga wasu tsire-tsire ba.Da kyau, kuna son tsire-tsire tare da buƙatun shayarwa daban-daban akan yankuna daban-daban.Lokacin da hakan ba zai yiwu ba, zaku iya daidaita tsarin ku daidai.Alal misali, idan kuna da tsire-tsire guda biyu a kan yanki, kuma ɗayan yana buƙatar ruwa sau biyu fiye da ɗayan, za ku iya sanya dripper tare da ninki biyu a cikin shukar da ke buƙatar ƙarin ruwa.Idan kawai kuna da drippers tare da adadin kwarara iri ɗaya, zaku iya sanya drippers da yawa a shukar da ke buƙatar ƙarin ruwa don ninka adadin kwararar ruwa.Bayanan gefe: Sanya masu dripper ɗinku aƙalla inci 6 nesa da tushe na tsire-tsire don guje wa cututtukan fungal da sauran nau'ikan cututtuka.Gwada yin amfani da drippers guda biyu a kowace shuka da aka sanya a ɓangarorin shuka don haɓaka haɓakar tushen ko da, kuma idan dripper ɗaya ya toshe, shuka za ta sami ruwa daga ɗayan ɗigon.Duba cikakken zaɓi na mudrippers.

 

Kuskure #3-Wuce Ƙarfin Tubing Na Tsarin Ku.Wannan kuskuren yana faruwa yawanci lokacin da ba ku san ƙarfin tsarin ba.Misali, ƙarfin 1/2 poly tubing shine ƙafa 200 (tsawon gudu ɗaya) da galan 200 a kowace awa (yawan kwarara).Idan kana da tsayin tubing guda 1/2 wanda ya wuce ƙafa 200, ƙila ka sami rashin daidaituwar kwararar ruwa a magudanar ruwa saboda abubuwan da ke haifar da rikici tsakanin bangon tubing da kwararar ruwa.Idan kana amfani da drip emitters tare da adadin kwararar da ya wuce galan 200 a kowace awa tare da tubing 1/2, zaku kuma sami sakamako mara daidaituwa.Ana kiran wannan ra'ayi azaman Dokokin 200/200 don bututun 1/2.Don tubing 3/4, yi amfani da Dokar 480/480, kuma don tubing 1/4, yi amfani da Dokar 30/30.Tabbas, a koyaushe akwai keɓancewa.Misali, idan kuna da tsayin tsayin ƙafa 300 na tubing 1/2 kuma kuna da drippers akan wannan layin tare da jimlar ƙimar galan 50 kawai a cikin sa'a, ƙarancin buƙatun da ake buƙata yawanci zai lalata asarar gogayya a cikin dogon gudu. tsayi.

 

Kuskure #4-Rashin isassun Ruwa ko Yawan Ruwa.Adadin kwarara (yawanci ana aunawa a gallons a awa daya ko gph) daga samar da ruwan ku dole ne yayi daidai da ko fiye da yawan kwararar da tsarin ban ruwa na ku ke buƙata.Misali, idan kuna amfani da drip emitters 200 da aka ƙididdige su a 1 gph kowanne akan tubing 1/2, wannan yayi daidai da jimlar 200 gph da tsarin ku ke buƙata.Ko da yake kuna cikin ƙarfin tubing, idan ruwan ku ba ya samar da aƙalla galan 200 a cikin sa'a, za ku fuskanci rashin daidaituwar ruwa daga drippers.Don wannan misalin, zaku iya ko dai rage yawan kuɗin da ake buƙata na tsarin ku ta hanyar rage yawan emitters, ko kuma kuna iya amfani da drippers tare da ƙarancin ƙimar kwarara, ko kuna iya raba tsarin ku zuwa yanki fiye da ɗaya.Muna da kalkuleta mai sauƙin kwarara don taimaka muku.Don ƙididdige yawan kwararar maɓuɓɓugar ruwa na musamman, cika guga tare da buɗewar tushen ruwa gabaɗaya.Lokaci nawa zai ɗauki don cika guga zuwa saman.Sa'an nan, shigar da Figures a cikin kalkuleta.Sakamakon zai gaya muku adadin ruwan da ke gudana daga tushen ku na tsawon lokaci, da matsakaicin girman tsarin ban ruwa wanda tushen ruwan ku zai iya yin aiki.

 

Kuskure #5-Ruwan Ruwa ya yi yawa ko kuma ya yi ƙasa sosai.Tsarin ban ruwa na yau da kullun yana buƙatar kimanin fam 25 a kowace murabba'in inch (psi) na matsa lamba na ruwa don yin aiki da kyau, amma yawancin emitters da aka ƙididdige su a 25 psi za su yi aiki da kyau a matsin lamba ƙasa da 15 psi.Fitowar kwarara zai zama ƙasa da 25 psi amma kowane bambanci za a iya yin shi tare da tsawon lokacin shayarwa.Tare da matsi kaɗan, za ku fuskanci rashin daidaituwar kwararar ruwa daga ɗigon ku.Tare da matsi mai yawa, kayan aiki na iya tashi da/ko drippers na iya squirt maimakon digo.Don tef ɗin drip, kar a wuce 15 psi don guje wa tarwatsewar bututun.mai daidaita matsa lambarated a matsa lamba da ake so, za a iya kauce wa matsaloli tare da matsa lamba.Matsaloli tare da ƙarancin matsi sun ɗan fi rikitarwa.Da fatan za a lura cewa yawancin kayan ruwa na birni sun kai aƙalla psi 40.Inda muka ga matsalolin rashin ƙarfi sun fi yawa tare da rijiyoyi da tankunan ruwa.Idan kuna da damuwa cewa matsin lamba ya yi ƙasa sosai don tallafawa daidaitaccen tsarin ban ruwa na drip, koyaushe kuna iya la'akari da tsarin da aka tsara musamman don aikace-aikacen samar da ruwa mai ƙarancin matsa lamba, kamar ruwan ruwan sama ko wasu tsarin ɗaukar hoto. ta hanyar ba da ɗan lokaci kaɗan tsara tsarin ku.


Lokacin aikawa: Maris 14-2022