Yadda ake ban ruwa gonakin itatuwan apple

Ban ruwa shine abin da ake bukata don dashen lambun mai zurfi.Danshin ƙasa yakamata ya zama 70-80% na ƙarfin filin.Amfanin ruwa na tsire-tsire ya dogara da dalilai da yawa: - Halayen yanayi na shekara

- shekarun shuka
- dasa yawa
- nau'ikan halaye na bishiyoyi
- Tsarin Kula da ƙasa

Ban ruwa saman (tare da ramuka, kwano, estuaries)

*Tare da kwazazzabo.

Ana amfani da wannan hanyar a wurare masu busasshiyar ƙasa tare da shimfidar ƙasa.Zurfin furrow shine 15-25 cm, nisa shine 35 cm, kuma ƙimar ciyarwar kada ta wuce 1-2 lita / na biyu.Don wannan hanyar shayarwa ta kasance mai tasiri, yana da muhimmanci a tsara wurin a hankali.

*Ta hanyar kwano.

A kusa da kowace bishiya, mirgine ƙasa mai tsayi 25 cm don yin kwano mai diamita na mita 2-6.Ana ciyar da kowace kwano ta hanyar yayyafawa.Ana amfani da wannan hanyar a wurare masu gangare saboda ban ruwa na furrow ba shi da inganci.Ana amfani da wannan hanyar a cikin lambuna tare da ƙasa mai laka.Suna yin tsiri mai tsayin mita 100-300 kuma suna rufe su da ƙasa daga rollers.Wadannan tsibiran suna ba da ruwa na tsawon sa'o'i 2-24, ya danganta da iyawar ƙasa.

*A yayyafa ruwa

Ana amfani da shi ba kawai don ɗora ƙasa ba, har ma don shayar da iska a cikin shuka.Bugu da ƙari, yana taimakawa wajen cire hanawar photosynthesis, wanda ke faruwa a yanayin zafi sama da +35 digiri.Adadin ban ruwa na ban ruwa ɗaya ya bambanta tsakanin 300-500 m3/ha.Rashin lahani na wannan hanya shine manyan digo, don haka suna ƙoƙarin rage su.Don wannan dalili, ana amfani da sprinkles na bugun jini da aka daidaita tare da fitowar yau da kullun na 10-80 m3/ha.Tsawon lokacin spraying shine kwanaki 2-15.

hanyar watsawa
Shayar da gonar itacen apple da ruwan da aka fesa da kyau.Digon ruwa yana da girman 100-500 microns, kuma ana ba da ruwa na mintuna da yawa kowane minti 20-60, ya danganta da tsananin ƙawancewar.

Ban ruwa na karkashin kasa

Ruwa yana shiga ta cikin ramukan da aka shimfida bututun.Amfanin wannan hanyar akan sauran hanyoyin shine cewa an cire asarar ruwa gaba ɗaya.Bugu da ƙari, za ku iya haɗa ban ruwa da sauran ayyukan noma.

drip ban ruwa

Ruwan ban ruwa a cikin gonakin itatuwan apple ya ƙunshi samar da ruwa zuwa yankin tushen ta hanyar hanyar sadarwar bututu na dindindin na drippers.Ana sanya digo a saman ƙasa a cikin radius na mita 1 daga bishiyar.Ana aiwatar da samar da ruwa a lokaci-lokaci ko ci gaba kuma a hankali a matsa lamba na mashaya 1-3.Bututu na iya zama a saman ƙasa, sama da ƙasa - a matakin gangar jikin a kan trellis ko a cikin ƙasa a zurfin 30-35 cm.Domin watering matasa m lambuna da manya lambuna.A yau, ita ce hanya mafi inganci da tattalin arziki ta ban ruwa ta fuskar amfani da ruwa.

 

Don drip ban ruwa a cikin itatuwan apple,drip ban ruwa butututare da sigogi yawanci ana amfani da su:

Kaurin bangon bututu 35 - 40mils;
Dropper tazarar 0.5 - 1m, dangane da shirin dasa bishiyar;
Fitowar ruwa ya dogara da lokacin ban ruwa da buƙatun ƙarfin tashar famfo.

Amfanin drip ban ruwa a cikin itatuwan apple
Drip ban ruwa yana da fa'idodi da yawa akan sauran hanyoyin:

Rashin ƙarancin ruwa (sau 1.5) ta hanyar ƙashin ruwa da osmosis.
Yana kiyaye mafi kyawun danshin ƙasa akai-akai kuma a ko'ina.
Yana kare tsarin ƙasa kuma yana hana bayyanar ɓawon ƙasa.
Ban da ambaliya da kuma salinization na ƙasa.
Ya fi tattalin arziki don gabatar da abubuwan ma'adinai ta hanyar dropper saboda maganin yana shiga cikin yankin tushen.Haka kuma, yawan amfanin taki ya kai kusan kashi 80%.
Yiwuwar sarrafa aikin ban ruwa.

Siffofin shayar da itatuwan apple
Ya kamata tsarin ban ruwa ya kasance daidai da bukatun ruwa na tsire-tsire a lokacin girma da ci gaba.Babban alamar tsarin mulkin ban ruwa shine adadin ban ruwa.Lokacin da aka ƙayyade shi, ya zama dole a yi la'akari da kaddarorin jiki na danshi na ƙasa, halaye na amfanin gona da aka noma, da hanyoyin ban ruwa.Dangane da tsarin ban ruwa, adadin ban ruwa kuma yana canzawa.Yana ba ku damar gyara rashin amfani da ruwa.Sanin yawan amfani da ruwa a lokacin girma, ana iya ƙididdige adadin ban ruwa.Don yin wannan, yi amfani da tsari na musamman.Jimlar amfani da ruwa ya dogara da ƙasa da yanayin yanayin yankin.

lokacin ban ruwa
An haɗa kwanakin ban ruwa tare da mafi mahimmancin matakai na lokacin girma:

- Bloom
- harbi girma
- kafin ovaries su fadi a watan Yuni
- Girman 'ya'yan itace mai aiki

Saboda bambance-bambance masu yawa a cikin ƙasa da yanayin yanayi a cikin yankuna, akwai kuma bambance-bambance a cikin tsarin ban ruwa.Ban ruwa ka'idoji da yanayi an ƙaddara daga lura da ƙasa danshi matsayi da samuwa ga shuke-shuke, wanda bi da bi ya dogara da ƙasa barbashi size abun da ke ciki.


Lokacin aikawa: Maris-10-2022